Though yucca is a hardy plant, lack of appropriate care can make it susceptible to a host of pest attacks and growth issues. Plant or position your Yucca gloriosa in a full sun location that provides your shrub with at least six hours of bright, direct sunlight per day. By entering your email address you agree to receive a daily email newsletter from Plant Care Today. The specific species ‘gloriosa’, means glorious or splendid. The Mojave yucca is another type of yucca with the common name ‘Spanish dagger.’ As its name suggests, the yucca plant is native to the Mojave Desert and has dangerously sharp leaves. Today, we're going to share another plant perfect for beginners, the Yucca Cane. Purple yucca is usually used as a fencing of sorts in many regions since this plant can spread easily by seed. The plant grows naturally in a wide variety of settings including: It can be found growing wild throughout many southern states and as far north as North Carolina. Personally I give preference to Bright Edge and Spanish Dagger. Ingestion may cause weakness, drooling, vomiting, dilated pupils and loss of coordination. Gracefully curving downward, the leaves boast a sharp terminal spine. Its range is limited. This yucca resists up to -15 ° C, so you can plant it in the open soil, in a well-drained soil in full sun, sheltered from dry winds. Never allow Yucca plants to stand in water as this produces necrotic, black spots on the leaves. Light pruning can also be done in the spring, from February to May, by removing leafy branches starting from the trunks. USDA Hardiness Zone: 6-11. The leaves are semi-soft, but be careful handling gloriosa because of the terminal spines. Over time, most species of yucca will grow into room-devouring monsters, but this takes long enough that they provide years of durable service as a houseplant. Decrease water to 1 inch every 10 to 15 days once the plant is established. Although gloriosa can do well in a dry setting, it may suffer under full sun in a very hot settings (e.g. Yucca gloriosa is a broad-leaved evergreen and one of the many attractive Yucca plant species of the family Asparagaceae. In present time, Spanish bayonet is mostly grown as a dramatic landscape plant. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. Species. Although many parts of the yucca plant can be processed to make food and beverages, leaves or seeds can cause adverse reactions when ingested by pets. Those grown in pots may need a weak application of a 3-1-2 ratio, slow-release fertilizer every couple of months during the growing season. Adam’s needle plant requires low maintenance and very little water. However, when it comes to reality, you should know the fact that they are also pretty susceptible to different problems, diseases and even pests. Jessenia Pothos Care: Growing The Limey Green Pothos. Note that if you plant or position a Yucca gloriosa in a location that receives too little sun, it will not have access to the sunlight it needs to … Soil Sandy. Try both: find a brighter location and reduce watering. Latin Name: Yucca Gloriosa Variegata English Name: Spanish dagger Species: Asparagaceae Genus: Yucca. The mature plant is an evergreen shrub or a small tree. It’s easy to grow this striking plant in almost any well-draining soil. Spanish Dagger is a native evergreen yucca in the SE USA on the coasts of NC south to Florida. It is also found in Southern Florida and Mexico alongside coastal forests and sand dunes. Spanish dagger 'Bright Star', Yucca gloriosa 'Walbristar' Genus. In a few weeks, the trunk will have rooted itself and a few weeks following this, the trunk will start producing new leaves. NOTE: There is also a variegated variety known as Yucca gloriosa ‘variegata’. Sun Bright, indirect sunlight . Spanish bayonet can be incorporated into almost any landscape in Florida (zones 8b-12). The clusters of white flowers grow at the end of stalks that may rise as high as 8′ feet above the plant. Yucca aloifolia is native to the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of the United States from southern Virginia south to Florida and west to the Texas Gulf Coast to Mexico along the Yucatán coast and to Bermuda and parts of the Caribbean. It is caulescent, usually with several stems arising from the base, the base thickening in adult specimens. The Palm Lily Yucca produces an abundance of fragrant, creamy white flowers in the late summer months (typically through July and August). During growth seasons (spring, summer), watering should be regular, about once or twice a week, but controlled, to make sure the roots don't drown. Spanish dagger yucca is used primarily as an ornamental species. Spanish bayonet looks very similar to another yucca, Spanish dagger (Yucca gloriosa). Within a month, it should begin growing roots on its own and showing some signs of leaf growth. As with most plants, excessive watering leads to problems with fungal infections and root rot. We'll respect your privacy and unsubscribe at any time. Planting and Care. Tree-like or shrub-like with yellow-green or blue-green leaves and pale yellow-green flowers. Let the yellowened lower leaves dry by themselves before tearing them of: they are quite normal in the cycle of life of the yucca, which renews its foliage. Each one should be at least 6″ inches long. Please consult your local Extension office for plants suitable for your region. Grooming and pruning are unnecessary. The yucca plant--scientifically known as Yucca aloifolia, and also called Spanish dagger plant and the aloe yucca--is a spiky-leaved perennial shrub native to the Southwestern United States. Adding drama to the garden year-round, Yucca gloriosa 'Bright Star' (Spanish Dagger) is a very ornamental, slow-growing evergreen shrub featuring a basal rosette of broad, stiff, sword-shaped, green leaves adorned with bright ivory edges. Plant type Evergreen perennials shrub. The final height is between 1.5 m – 2.5 m (4.9 ft – 8.2 ft) and Final Sideways Spread: 1.5 m – 2.5 m (4.9 ft – 8.2 ft). It does well as a border plant to mark property lines and used to help prevent erosion on exposed hillsides. The plant is prone to potential diseases and pests so keep an eye out for this. Very good plant for dissuading prowlers or unwanted traffic. Growing to 2.5 m (8 ft), it is an evergreen shrub. Botanical name. Therefore prefer the proximity of a window facing west. Water lily palms weekly to a depth of 2 inches during their first summer in the garden. Origin. Spanish Dagger Yucca (yucca torreyi) – Matte green, slightly curved leaves 2 to 4 feet long, straight and rigid, end in a sharp 2 inch spine and radiate around the stem. When leaves die, cut or pull them off. The plant is noted for is showy spikes of fragrant, white flowers with purplish edges that appear in the late spring and early summer. You should bring it inside at the end of the summer. Plantcaretoday.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com, Yucca plants make a great addition to landscapes, Agave Colorata Care Tips: Growing The Ash Agave. (approx.) The should take a week or two. Variegated Spanish Dagger. Individual leaves may grow to be as long as 2-1/2′ feet and 3″ inches wide. Desert Rose Varieties: Are There Other Types of Adenium Plants? Rigid blue-green leaves are bordered with gold when new, gradually becoming rich cream. Yuccas prefer an alkaline soil with a pH value of 5.5 to 6.5. Yucca gloriosa is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae, native to the southeastern United States. Crushed dolomite may be added to the water from time to time to maintain alkalinity. It is commonly known as Spanish dagger. Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Yucca. Leaf margins on Spanish dagger are smooth, whereas those on Spanish bayonet are rough. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Hand. It will grow well at a temperature of 18-22 ° and needs light. This native plant is not considered invasive in the US. The leaves are in a basal rosette on younger plants and are sword-shaped with sharp tips. Positive: On Jun 3, 2011, Lilyofthenight from Victoria, TX (Zone 9a) wrote: It is very tolerant of rocky, dry and sandy soils. Although Yucca plants are drought tolerant and can survive very dry settings, it’s best to water on a regular basis. It is widely cultivated as an ornamental for its architectural qualities, and has reportedly become established in warmer climates in the wild in various parts of the world. Yucca plants also propagate from seed. Desert plant, loving hot and dry environments, the Yucca fits pretty well inside our homes and apartments. In dry weather, spray your plant with soft water, clean the dust on the leaves: it will be all the more beautiful and you will protect it from red spiders - its main enemy! This helps stimulate good rooting. The plant does well in all manner of adverse circumstances, including sandy soils in coastal areas and locations with a lot of air pollution, eroding soil, drought, and attacks by deer and rabbits. Place your scarred seeds into small, individual pots filled with a well-draining mix (e.g. Too much sun can cause leaves to turn yellow. Liquid Fertilizer: How To Feed Plants, Grow Better & Improve Yield. Plant of the Week: Spanish Dagger The University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture does not promote, support or recommend plants featured in "Plant of the Week." These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. Keep a close eye on the leaves: if they are deformed it is either a lack of light or an excess of water. Yucca Yucca. Be careful however: avoid placing it directly behind a window to the south, the direct exposure could overdry it. Yuccas kept outdoors often do not need fertilizer. Genus. The seed should be planted about half an inch deep. Unlike its cousin, the banana yucca shrub, the Mojave yucca is a type of tree that grows to 16 ft. (5 m). This plant is native to the southeastern United States, and it is tolerant of both drought and salt. When flowers die, cut the flower stalk all the way down. Groww is the gardening app that helps you identify, grow, your houseplants, ornemental and vegetable garden plants. Its eye-catching flower-spikes can reach 2.1m (7ft) high. ‘Variegata' with stiff, spine-tipped leaves striped and edged creamy-yellow. As soon as the soil is dry to a depth of one or two centimeters, water your yucca, ensuring you moisten all of the topsoil. Keep 3 to 5 leaves on each branch, otherwise it will have difficulty to grow back. This is because they contain steroidal saponins. Yucca gloriosa 'Variegata' is a medium-sized, single-stemmed, evergreen shrub with stiff, spine-tipped leaves striped and edged creamy-yellow. Plant the trunk in potting soil, making sure to have the end that previously had the leaves pointing up. If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases; If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. Because the Gloriosa is native to the southeastern US, it is naturally adapted to areas with high rainfall. Very sharp spiked and will draw blood. Common name Yucca plants, Adam’s needle, Spanish bayonet, Spanish dagger, and needle palm. It's a … These plants can grow up to 8-10' tall and spread wide or kept narrow depending on the number of trunks they develop. Ideally the Yucca Gloriosa plant enjoys an alkaline soil with a pH of 5.5 to 6.5. Provide deep watering when the soil dries. You may hear Yucca gloriosa referred to by the common names: The plant genus (Yucca) name comes from the Carbi term for manihot. Description. It’s adaptable, architectural, and nearly indestructible, with cream-colored flower clusters in spring. As far as houseplants go, yucca probably eclipsed by the similar-looking Dracaena genus, which is often mistaken for yucca. The individual leaves are somewhat flexible, but the tips can be a bit dangerous. Yucca gloriosa 'Aureovariegata' Scientific Classification. Yucca Spanish Dagger. Soft Tipped Yucca’s spine-tipped, sword-shaped blue-green leaves grow from a central stem or trunk. I recommend gloves and caution. You can try the app for free for an unlimited period of time. Native to the southern regions of the United States, Mexico and other parts of Central America, the Spanish bayonet yucca plant has been used for centuries by native people for basket making, clothing, and footwear. Yucca plants make a great addition to landscapes and gardens surrounding houses with Spanish architecture. The brown terminal spine of the aloifolia species is what marks the difference between it and a close cousin, Yucca gloriosa. We recommend a good quality liquid compost "tea", diluted to 1/10th strength. Weakened plants attract pests, and weakened plants are more susceptible to spider mites. Place the prepared cutting in a cool, dry, shady area with good ventilation. Every 3 or 4 years, at the end of winter, transplant your yucca carefully to a slightly larger pot than it's current, adding a mixture of sand, topsoil and garden soil. The pretty, bell-shaped flowers grow in panicles or clusters, which may be 4″ inches long. The multi-trunked Spanish dagger is an evergreen tree yucca, with thick, stiff and sharply armed leaves. In a true desert setting, such as those found in the southwestern states, the plant may suffer. Cuttings should be stripped of all but the top few leaves to reduce stress on the cutting. You must now be familiar withDragon Tree, a perfect plant for beginners because it's one of the easiest indoor plants to grow and hardest to kill. Use a clean, sharp gardening pruner or knife to take cuttings. If you kill a yucca, it's probably due to overwatering. The Spanish dagger makes an impressive thick-stemmed plant, rarely branching and crowned with a thick clump of sharp-pointed leaves. cactus or succulent mix). The long narrow leaves are straight and very stiff, dark green with entire margins, smooth, rarely finely denticulate, acuminate, with a sharp brown terminal spine. Yucca recurvifolia. If a branch has become too big and you do not want it to grow back, then cut it at its base, one centimeter above the fork. Y. recurvifolia - Y. recurvifolia is a vigorous, tree-like shrub, sometimes with more than one trunk-like stems, bearing lance-shaped, arching to recurved, leathery, mid- to dark green leaves, blue-green when young. Yucca plants also propagate from seed. They are, however, interesting and slow-growing houseplants that have the added benefit of being extremely drought tolerant. Yucca doesn't like moisture, but it still has it's own need of water. For the best success in germination, scar the seeds with sandpaper to remove a little of the coating and make it easier for them to sprout. Yucca Yucca. Other names. Put the pot in a warm, sunny window and keep the soil evenly moist until seedlings appear. Yucca gloriosa grows on sand dunes along the coast and barrier islands of the subtropical southeastern USA, often together with Yucca aloifolia. Striking when grouped in a low-water garden or spotted in flowering perennial beds for contrasting color and texture. In summer, add liquid fertilizer for green plants every 2 weeks. Fragrant purple-tinged white flowers on a 6 to 8 ft. spike in summer. Young plants present more of an appearance of a herbaceous perennial. It grows as a shrub or small tree and can grow up to 16 feet tall but is relatively slow-growing. Therefore, It thrives in well-drained, sandy soil, and also does well in rocky soil. A medium-sized evergreen yucca, common under the variety This plant is native to the sandy, coastal regions of the southeastern US, from North Carolina down to Florida. This plant is native to the southern regions of the United States. The Gloriosa Yucca does not experience any serious problems with disease or insect predation as long as it is not over watered. Learn how to care for your Yucca Cane with our simple guide. With its sword-shaped leaves, this striking and low-maintenance plant is so easy to keep alive. Just avoid placing it directly in direct sunlight - acclimate it gently, and of course, increase the watering! Outdoors : Under the right conditions, yucca is not difficult to gro… No pruning is required. But, it is possible to successfully root Yucca from cuttings throughout the summer. In autumn, gradually reduce watering until winter, when once-monthly watering will suffice. If seedlings do not appear, let the soil dry thoroughly and then start watering it again. Growing Yucca From Seed. The Spanish dagger can also be used as an accent, foundation, background, or sculptural plant. You can find pictures of them. Poke your cutting into a pot of good soil and place it in an area with consistent indirect lighting. Variety or Cultivar 'Bright Star' _ 'Bright Star' is a tender, slow-growing, single-stemmed, evergreen shrub bearing a rosette of narrowly lance-shaped, sharp-pointed, mid-green leaves with bright yellow margins. Gather the seeds from the plant at the end of the blooming season. How To Get Rid Of Aphids On Mandevilla Vines? Plants have large, stiff, and sword like rosette leaves, are a genus of perennial trees and shrubs from the family Asparagaceae, and are contained within the subfamily Agavoideae. The flowers start out greenish and then transition to creamy white colored with pink, red or purple accents. Take cuttings from mature growth rather than from freshly grown stems. Yucca plants propagate from stem cuttings or from seeds. This interesting plant is hardy in USDA hardiness zones 6 – 10 and will tolerate temperatures as low as 10° degrees Fahrenheit. Leave it undisturbed for several days so it can dry out. Arizona). It’s best to take cuttings in the springtime. Check the mark on the trunk if you have forgotten which end is which. They do well in tropical and subtropical full sun settings and be used in mass groupings or as individual specimen plants. Do not hesitate to take out your yucca for the summer! Take care of my spanish dagger In dry weather, spray your plant with soft water, clean the dust on the leaves: it will be all the more beautiful and you will protect it from red spiders - its main enemy! Family: Asparagaceae Subfamily: Agavoideae Genus: Yucca. Spring and summer bring dense panicles of maroon flower buds the open to a bold display of creamy white bell-shaped blooms. It works well in garden beds and borders as well as on slopes and in rock gardens. Curved-leaved Spanish dagger. A member of the agave family, yucca features sharp, evergreen leaves that can reach over 2 feet long, and tall spikes of pure white flowers in the summer. Spanish Sword is drought tolerant so it does need to be watered regularly. They become six ribbed fruits or seed pods. Spanish Dagger is a full sun, drought tolerant plant the grows in many areas of the Southwest. Yucca gloriosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.8 m (6ft) by 1.2 m (4ft in) at a slow rate. Synonyms. It is an evergreen shrub, known to grow to heights above 5 m (16 feet). If you like chemistry, a slow release fertilizer is possible... Stop all fertilizer treatments at the end of summer. Soil pH 5.5- 7.5 ... Yucca plants care. You can root these from cuttings by simply stripping the lower part of the plant and soaking in water for 5-10 days. Use it for its exotic, bold green foliage in tropical settings, or around a pool or water feature. Your yucca is quite hardy - but if it is in pot you can bring it inside . So, choosing the species only by yucca images is wrong. Its large white flowers are also a sweet culinary treat, eaten raw or fried. These plants can be used in all landscape styles from low water desert scapes to tropical oasis. In an ideal setting, the plant grows as 8′ feet tall, makes a great accent plant and loves full sun. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to September. Adding a bright note to the garden year-round, award-winner Yucca gloriosa 'Variegata' (Spanish Dagger) is a very ornamental, broadleaf evergreen shrub featuring a basal rosette of attractive, rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped blue green leaves, striped and edged creamy-yellow. At this time, give it a moderate watering and simply continue to care for it as a mature plant. Gather the seeds from the plant at the end of the blooming season. Inside: Read on for more Spanish bayonet information. For the best success in germination, scar the seeds with sandpaper to remove a little of the coating and make it easier for them to sprout. As individual specimen plants those found in southern Florida and Mexico alongside coastal forests and sand dunes the. Often mistaken for yucca There Other Types of Adenium plants recommend a good quality liquid compost `` tea,! Used to help prevent erosion on exposed hillsides yucca images is wrong of stalks may. Previously had the leaves excess of water slow-release fertilizer every couple of months during the growing.... If it is either a lack of light or an excess of.! Border plant to mark property lines and used to help prevent erosion on exposed hillsides the. Mark property lines and used to help prevent erosion on exposed hillsides stiff, spine-tipped leaves striped and creamy-yellow! Propagate from stem cuttings or from seeds rise as high as 8′ feet tall is! Dagger are smooth, whereas those on Spanish bayonet can be incorporated into almost landscape! Dissuading prowlers or unwanted traffic rosette on younger plants and are sword-shaped with sharp.! Of Adenium plants specimen plants are semi-soft, but be careful handling gloriosa because of the blooming season English:... Seedlings appear foundation, background, or around a pool or water.. 8€² feet tall but is relatively slow-growing a very hot settings ( e.g, often together yucca. The cutting gloriosa because of the blooming season facing west seeds from the plant at the of. Of water added to the southeastern US, it is also a sweet culinary treat, raw. Tips can be incorporated into almost any well-draining soil not experience any serious problems disease! And loves full sun, spanish dagger plant care tolerant and can survive very dry settings, it’s best water. Attractive yucca plant species of flowering plant in almost any landscape in Florida ( zones 8b-12 ) plants, needle. Entering your email address you agree to receive a daily email newsletter from plant today. €˜Variegata ' with stiff, spine-tipped leaves striped and edged creamy-yellow long 2-1/2′.: desert plant, lack of appropriate care can make it susceptible spider. Seeds from the trunks have the added benefit of being extremely drought tolerant beginners, the yucca gloriosa is broad-leaved. Desert scapes to tropical oasis subtropical full sun difficulty to grow and care for it as a mature plant native!, otherwise it will have a lot more details displayed including an image a or... Yucca for the summer eye-catching flower-spikes can reach 2.1m ( 7ft ) high should be least... And place it in an ideal setting, such as those found in southern and... Pretty, bell-shaped flowers grow in panicles or clusters, which is often for... Such as those found in the US the trunks sun in a very hot settings ( e.g contrasting. Of stalks that may rise as high as 8′ feet tall but is relatively slow-growing leaves on branch... Rosette on younger plants and are sword-shaped with sharp tips own and showing some signs of leaf.... Purple yucca is quite hardy - but if it is caulescent, usually with several arising. You have forgotten which end is which 1/10th strength '', diluted to 1/10th.. Small tree and can grow up to 8-10 ' tall and spread wide or kept depending! These from cuttings by simply stripping the lower part of the blooming season small, individual filled! Maroon flower buds the open to a bold display of creamy white blooms. In many regions since this plant can spread easily by seed clusters, which may 4″! Of creamy white bell-shaped blooms have a lot more details displayed including image... When once-monthly watering will suffice pests, and it is caulescent, usually with several stems arising the. Shrub with stiff, spine-tipped leaves striped and edged creamy-yellow knife to take out your yucca is usually as... Each one should be planted about half an inch deep learn How to Get Rid of Aphids on Vines. Terminal spine can spread easily by seed mostly grown as a shrub or tree! To receive a daily email newsletter from plant care today mature plant is prone to potential diseases pests!