A flame retardant slows down the spread of fire and reduces its intensity. Polyurethane is a plastic resin that can be water-based or oil-based, according to Wood Menders, a furniture repair and refinishing company. This synthetic foam in the cushions breaks down over time. An allergic reaction to polyurethane will ignite a bout of health symptoms in those who are exposed to this chemical agent in wood flooring, especially if the new wood floors are off gassing polyurethane into the air. This polyurethane comes in a spray version as well though I have never tried it. Although polyurethane gives natural wood floors a beautiful, long-lasting sheen, it is also a toxic chemical and should be used with caution. If polyurethane is oil-based, it would be a toxic product. If you are chemically sensitive or just want to surround yourself with healthy fabrics, listen to Doris Brunza – a fashion designer who worked in the Garment District in New York City for 20 years. Fabrics to Chose. To rectify this, toxic, cancer-causing flame retardants are added. Here are a few things that you will want to consider about the health risks and dangers that polyurethane foam presents. The result is dust containing fire retardant chemicals polluting the indoor air which everyone breaths. Furniture and products treated with flame-retardants include anything that has polyurethane foam within it. Polyurethane Allergy Symptoms. Most of the residential furniture that is in our homes today has been treated with these toxic chemicals. The foam in the cushions is made of petroleum-based polyurethane, a highly flammable product. While it is very comfortable and durable, it has also come under fire because of health problems. Water-based polyurethane varnish is both nontoxic and dries quickly to a clear finish on wood surfaces, states the Sculptural Arts Coating website 7 . ; Application: Can be applied with a brush, a foam brush, or wiped on with a rag. This includes sofas, baby car seats, crib mattresses, vehicle seating, baby changing pads, dog beds, ect. How Sofa Can Be Toxic & What’s Good. Toxic Flame Retardant Chemicals. A sk a public health scientist about couches and cancer, and you’re sure to hear about a State of California law enacted back in 1975. Most often, foam filled furniture uses polyurethane foam which is petroleum-based. Polyurethane products provide a list of potential health effects that will elicit symptoms in the human body. . Price: $10-$20 per quart Availability: Available on Amazon or at your local home improvement store. furniture, particularly the introduction of polyurethane foams. One of the most common materials used in furniture and mattresses is polyurethane foam. In addition, Savvy Rest furniture avoids all forms of formaldehyde glues, cardboard, metal coils, particle board, plywood, veneer, polyester, polypropylene, polyurethane, toxic stains, dacron batting, feathers, or down. 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