The seeds are tiny, similar to millet or quinoa, and you can cook them as a porridge or use as an alternative to rice. Angela England is the author of "Backyard Farming on an Acre (More or Less)," and edits the online publication Blissfully Domestic. They come in a wide range of sizes, foliage and flower colors, so they will look beautiful in your garden while also providing a valuable food source! Be sure to not add too much though (just a handful will suffice), otherwise you'll get wilted leaves. Growing amaranth… However, amaranth prefers a well-drained loose soil rich in nitrogen and phosphorous. Sustainable Gardening News also participates in affiliate programs with Clickbank, ShareASale, and other sites. Your email address will not be published. Large growth and heat won’t make amaranth bitter like other leafy greens. Your email address will not be published. Root rot can be a problem in wet, dense soil or in periods where rainfalls are frequent and copious. Growing Amaranth From seeds. Growing globe amaranth is not difficult at all. You can also use the leaves of amaranth as a leafy vegetable; the taste is similar to spinach and they can be used in the same way as many of the leafy vegetables, especially in mixed-green salads. Cultivate health enriched Sirukeerai at your home. Let's see what is special about this plant and how to grow amaranth in our own flower bed. You can eat both the seeds and the leaves from any edible amaranth plant, though larger plants will tend to provide a larger crop of seeds. Plant amaranth in late spring or early summer, after the last frost has passed and the soil is warm. We appreciate your support! You can start seeds indoors about 6-8 weeks before your last expected frost as well. I will remember to bookmark your blog and will come back someday. Grown and revered by the Aztecs about 8,000 years ago, amaranth isn’t exactly new. The Amaranthus genus is a complicated one, featuring at least 75 annual and perennial species that easily cross-breed and hybridize. Amaranth plants like warm growing environments, so plant seeds after the soil has warmed. I prefer smaller, a brighter red, amaranth microgreens. Or, you can cut the whole plant down off at ground level when it is 1 to 2 feet tall. Nearly all amaranths are edible, including love-lies-bleeding and even the common road-side weedy forms. Water them during dry periods, once or twice per week. Lightly cover each seed with about 1⁄4 inch (0.64 cm) of soil, and place the bed out of direct sunlight, in an area where is will not be exposed to cold. Containers. Shake the bag once they are dry, or knock the seeds loose over a cloth. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. Historically, the use of amaranth as an ornamental plant is a relatively recent development. The closer you can get them, the better they look once full grown. You can harvest both leaves and grain from any amaranth, but if your goal is an edible plant, choose a variety based on your goals. The closer you can get them, the better they look once fully grown. They don’t mind a little crowding and look pretty good in groups! Large size and heat won’t turn amaranth leaves bitter, as often occurs with other leafy greens. These are very easy-to-grow plants, as befits a genus with many species that grow as roadside native plants. If you do everything as stated in the instructions, the first shoots will appear in 4 – 5 days. This helps us to cover the costs involved in bringing you valuable sustainable gardening information on an ongoing basis. Amaranth can fall prey to many of the same pests and diseases that affect other vegetables. To ensure continued production, it's a good idea to stagger planting every two to three weeks, beginning a week or two after the last frost date in your region. Plant amaranth seeds in rich soil at the end of spring. The hotter and warmer, the quicker the amaranth will grow. Amaranth grows well in any average well-drained soil, but it will struggle in dense clay soils. If planting in a shared bed, space seedlings 10 to 14 inches (25 to 36 cm) apart from one another. The bulk seed is uses as a "grain" in porridges or added as a thickener to soups and stews. Be aware, though, that if the original plants were hybrids, the volunteer seedlings may not "come true" and may look different than the parent plant. When amaranth grows to 3-4 centimeters, it can already be eaten. Amaranth plants are grown from seeds. The seeds are extremely nutritious and protein-packed with a slightly nutty flavor. If you’d like, you can cut the whole plant down once it is a foot or so tall. The best part about amaranth in a busy garden is that it’s a plant family all its own. To ensure continued production, it's a good idea to stagger planting every two to three weeks, beginning a … Part of this renewed interest in edible amaranth is due to recent increase in self-sufficiency and the value of growing your own food, while others celebrate amaranth due to its high nutrient content, as it is sometimes known as a “superfood.”. Moreover the benefits of growing it’s incredible as their grains are as good and nutritious as quinoa. Try to mimic the density of the picture above. In fact, excessive nitrogen will cause the plants to become leggy and less suitable for harvesting. Once your amaranth seedlings have a few true leaves, you can water them when the weather is dry. So you can get away with growing them 10 to 18 inches apart. Planting Amaranth. Sustainable Gardening News is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies. Small leaves are tender and nicer, but the larger leaves have a full flavor as well. Amaranth is easy to grow with only one discouraging factor. But due to its high nutritional content, it’s experiencing a resurgence of popularity in modern day health circles. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Start seeds indoors six weeks before the last frost. Amaranth is a light-loving and heat-loving plant, therefore window sills are an ideal place to grow it. You can start them inside 6-8 weeks before the last frost or direct seed outside once the danger of frost has passed. The seeds are high in omega 3. The leaves can be use for cooking as well. One ornamental variety, two metres tall with massive red flower heads, one leaf amaranth, and weed amaranth :-). The sooner you remove the microgreens from the blackout period, the more leave mass will form on the plants. Aphids and flea beetles are common; insecticidal soaps are a good remedy for the former, and floating row covers will protect the plants from the latter. Add a general purpose fertilizer once or twice a season. I started this website in 2015 to help others learn how easy it is to grow your own food using healthy and sustainable gardening methods. As the Amaranth seeds begin to germinate, then the rows to one plant per 6 to 18 inches along the rows. Many species are native to the southern U.S. and Mexico, so you can expect it to thrive even when late spring and summer is unusually warm. It needs a long season, 90 to 120 days, a fact that discourages many northern gardeners. Like many vegetable crops, they need at least five hours of sunlight a day to do well. Globe amaranth plants are native to Central America but do well in all the USDA plant hardiness zones. I grow three amaranth varieties. A mix of about 1 part loamy soil, 1 part compost, and 1 part manure is best. With their plentiful seeds, amaranth plants will readily self-seed in the garden. This FREE Guide Will Help You Grow More in Less Space! Sow amaranth seeds indoors. Required fields are marked. Thanks for a marvelous posting! Trim leaves off to harvest, and leave the crown and some leaves around the top to continue growing. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Whether you’re growing amaranth from seed for its nutritious leaves or its high-protein, gluten-free grains, it is easy to grow if you can provide warm soil and lots of sunlight. Growing the amaranth plant. Follow along with this handy How to Grow Amaranth Seeds Guide and grow edible grains. Make sure the site you choose has good drainage and air circulation. Don't overwater, or you run the risk of root rot or fungal diseases. While they grows best in moist but well drained soil, they will tolerate somewhat dry soil too. Amaranth grains are especially good in a porridge that also contains other grains, such as millet and quinoa. You’ll want to cultivate larger plants specifically grown for their seeds if you want the amaranth grain. In the bags, they’ll dry. If consumption is the goal, choose annual amaranth varieties marketed as edibles. Trim leaves off to harvest, and leave the crown and some leaves around the top to continue growing. Today, most gardeners are familiar with Amaranthus species such as A. caudatus (love-lies-bleeding) as ornamental plants, and many don't even realize that amaranths are also edible plants that can be grown for the grain-like seeds and edible leaves. To harvest grains, let amaranth go all the way to flower. Depending on variety, this may take several rinsings due to the amount of chaff. Make sure the site you choose has good drainage and air circulation. How to Store Winter Vegetables In the Garden, [Infographic] A Visual Guide To Aquaponic Systems, Understanding Aquaponics: A Quick & Simple Guide to Growing Food with Fish, 3 Tips for Growing Healthy Plants Indoors, Learn more about growing your own superfoods at the Superfood Garden Summit. It can successfully be grown in areas with less than 10 inches of yearly rainfall. They … Amaranth appears to be fairly slow growing at first, but it can be very drought tolerant once established. Avoid using commercial pesticides with a "wait to pick" or any other type of warning regarding consumption. Growing Amaranth in Ten Easy Steps As far as growing amaranth goes–that’s about all you need to know! The leaves are similar to spinach both in flavor and nutrition, and they don’t get bitter in hot weather as many other leafy greens do, but they generally taste better and are more tender when small. If starting indoors, use a general seed-starting mix and make sure to harden off the seedlings before transplanting outdoors. Keep an eye on them as the flowers bloom and then begin to die back. Amaranth plants have average needs for water (no more than 1 inch per week). If you share my passion for gardening, you’re in the right place! You want that for your edible landscape anyway. P.O. While amaranth is tall, they aren’t necessarily wide or bushy. As they sprout, thin the plants out to a spacing of 10 to 18 inches. It’s also pretty drought tolerant, though it will do better with some moist, well-drained soil. After the last frost, plant your seeds and space them about 7-10" apart. Only dense clay soils are likely to be completely unsuitable for amaranth. Step 8 Amaranth plant. Step 2) Plant seeds in rich soil at the end of spring. Large growth and heat won’t make amaranth bitter like other leafy greens. Rake the soil into rows, and plant seeds about ¼ inch deep along the row. I eat whatever is closest to the kitchen and ready. Sustainable Gardening News is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Germination generally takes 7 to 14 days. Hi, I’m Rose! I look forward to continuing to share more information with you about this important topic. Before they all turn brown, cut the flowers off and place them in bags, where they will dry. Do not forget to moisten the soil daily. In fact, once-upon-a-time, this was the primary reason amaranth served as a staple in home cottage gardens. Amaranths don't require any feeding. Amaranths produce enormous quantities of tiny seeds that will rampantly self-seed around the parent plant if you don't carefully harvest the seed heads when they mature. Before they all brown, cut them off and bag them. If you are eager for early harvest, you can start the seeds indoors as much as eight weeks earlier. At the same time, they need enough space to provide good air circulation. Leaves can be harvested within a few weeks of outdoor planting. Home Ornamental plant growing. Amaranth seeds are small, so sprinkle them onto prepared soil and top with a thin layer of earth. Regardless of your cultivar, amaranth leaves can be harvested at any point. Amaranth does best in full sun in the northern part of its range, but in warm southern climates, it benefits from some shade in the afternoon. You’ll get a fresh look and the soil will get a break. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Amaranth are very easy to grow. Cover the seeds lightly with soil. While amaranth plants are tall, they aren’t necessarily wide or bushy. Before planting, prepare the garden bed by gently turning the soil and adding a layer of fresh compost. Amaranth grows well in any average well-drained soil, but it will struggle in dense clay soils. The kind of amaranth grown for grain will not grow well in containers, not to mention that you will need at least 6 to 12 plants just to produce a meaningful harvest. How to properly care for amaranth, useful tips. In fact, it is native to the southern US and Mexico, so you have a lot of leeway for a warm spring and even summer! Unlike other leafy green vegetables, amaranth is fairly happy in the heat. Varieties with light-colored seeds usually have the best flavor. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. The tiny seeds that grow on the amaranth plant are high in protein: a cup of cooked amaranth has nine grams of protein. They are incredibly easygoing plants and still provide an amazing return in the form of stunning colors and unique flowering structures. When planting outdoors, sow seeds about 4 inches apart, barely covering them with soil. So sowing them can be little tricky. Regardless of your cultivar, amaranth leaves can be harvested at any point. If you sow seeds directly outdoors, wait until a week or two after the last frost to allow the soil to warm up. You can get an early start by growing seedlings indoors in late spring. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. Then the mixed sand is sprinkled over the ground or the container in which you are planning to grow amaranth. Amaranth grows best in well-drained, loose soils with a lot of organic matter, but does well in average garden soil too. If you’re growing in a 10×20 standard plant propagation tray, use ~1oz of seed. ... Siru keerai after clean them up for cooking. If you want to harvest the plants for seeds, it will take about 12 weeks for the plants to reach full maturity. Amaranth grows well in zones 5-9. Don’t compress it too much — you need to give the roots room to dig down and establish themselves. Don't Have Much Room to Garden? Build Your Own DIY Home Aquaponics System…, Amaranth used to be a common crop in many gardens, providing both nutritious leaves and edible seeds that could be used as a staple grain. Some varieties are marketed as best for seed production, while others are bred for attractive, tasty leaves that work well in salads. Growing container for Amaranth: A Shallow container with a minimum depth of 5 inches & bigger spread area (according to available space & your requirement) like Trays or crates. Fill your container up with soil, making sure to smooth it out and lightly pat it down. The plant is a tender annual, but it tends to reseed itself for years of consistent blooms in the same area. Andrey Zharkikh / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY 2.0. Amaranth grows well in average soils and will grow adequately in poor soils. Amaranth likes warm temperatures, so if your growing area is on the cold side (below 72-degrees) increase the heat or place the growing tray on a seed heat mat. Potting mixture for Amaranths: 2 part garden soil mixed with 1 part any organic manure. Plant 2-3 seeds together to ensure that at least one survives in each spot. Amaranth is closely related to the weed known as red-rooted pigweed, so it can be difficult to tell the two plants apart. Amaranths are usually planted from seeds as soon as the last frost has passed in the spring. Small leaves are more tender, but the larger leaves also have a full flavor. An avid gardener since childhood, I love sharing my passion for gardening with others! Amaranth grows to 4 to 6 feet (1.2 – 2 m) tall, and tall varieties may need staking to hold them upright when they become top-heavy with maturing seed clusters. Individual 3 inches (7.6 cm) pots are best. Because it’s an annual, you can grow amaranth in zones 2–11. Growing your own food can help you take control of your own health and food supply, and there has never been a better time to get started! Same with transplanting–these are warm weather plants and frost won’t do you any favors. To harvest grains, let the plant go all the way to flower. If you direct seed outdoors, wait for soil temps to reach 65°F. Amaranth plants grow well in average to rich, well-draining soil with equal amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus. Amaranth requires a lot of sunlight (at least 4-6 hours daily) so accordingly keep it in a sunny spot in your balcony and terrace. This site contains affiliate links. Edible amaranth is often grown for the plentiful tiny seeds that hang in tassels from the top of the plant after the attractive red flowers fade. Growing Amaranth on your homestead instead of buying it is but one of the valuable reasons cultivation of this ancient plant should be considered. Small leaves are tender and nicer, but the larger leaves have a full flavor as well. Regardless of your cultivar, amaranth leaves can be harvested at any point. It’s possible that it will reshoot for another harvest, though you do risk introducing pests to the open stem. But those sold as edible varieties are selected for their good seed production and especially tasty leaves. A mix of 1 part loamy soil, 1 part compost and 1 part manure is best. Amaranth varieties that grow head high require 60cm (24 inches) between plants. If you want to eat both the leaves and the seeds, you may want to grow a couple of different varieties of amaranth – a larger one for seeds, and a smaller one for the greens. Many of these types of pesticides are broad spectrum designed to eliminate multiple insect pests and may contain ingredients that aren't meant to be ingested by humans. When harvesting the leaves, make sure to leave the crown and some leaves around the top to continue growing. However, its beauty doesn’t detract from the its value as an edible crop, and in recent years, there has been a resurgence of gardeners growing edible amaranth for home consumption. Space rows of seeds 12 inches apart, and 10-12 inches apart along each row. Learning how to grow globe amaranth is easy and its round blooms will attract butterflies and important garden pollinators. I have gardened in a number of different climates and settings, from large fenced garden plots, to tiny patio and container gardens, and I firmly believe that everyone can learn to grow at least some of their own food - no matter where you live. Very rich soils are not necessary for amaranth, and may even hinder flowering and seed production. Amaranth’s very tall stems are perceived by many as weeds, although this flower is cultivated and even used in cooking. And I eat all of them. Despite amaranth being one of the precious few grains that is actually feasible for home growing, I don't grow grain amaranth. Amaranth sprouts, what to cook Amaranth is closely related to quinoa, but also beets, Swiss chard, and many other food crops. Learn how to build your own simple & sustainable DIY aquaponics system at home - it's easier than you think with this comprehensive step-by-step course... ©2021 RZH Enterprises, Inc.,   Privacy policy, {"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}. Once root rot occurs, the plant must be removed. They are great for a gluten free, vegan diet. Amaranth grown as a green requires more nitrogen, so plant to add a little bit of bloodmeal or conttoseed meal onto the prepared area. Your valuable suggestions on growing Tropical amaranth are invited. Growing amaranth is easy due to it being a tough plant that will grow in many soils. Planting and Watering. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Traditionally, amaranth seeds are sown by mixing the seeds with fine sand. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, 2 to 7 feet (depends on species and variety). But wait to sow amaranth seeds until the danger of frost is over. Rinse away the dried seed “chaff” and enjoy your grain harvest. Shake the bag once they are dry, or knock the seeds loose over a cloth. Rinse or blow away the dried seed “chaff” and enjoy your grain harvest! Are invited rinsings due to its high nutritional content, it can already be.! The open stem tasty leaves that work well in zones 2–11 other leafy green vegetables, amaranth microgreens for. Easy due to its stunning colors and unique flowering structures as often occurs with other leafy greens weeds although... Transplanting–These are warm weather plants and still provide an amazing return in instructions! It around to those frustrating places where you have planted just about everything in the form of stunning and... And the soil will get a fresh look and the soil and top a... 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Green yourself home ornamental plant growing before transplanting outdoors wait for soil temps to reach maturity. Compost, and weed amaranth: - ) step 2 ) plant seeds after the soil has warmed with plentiful! Plant propagation tray, use a general seed-starting mix and make sure to not over-water amaranth it! Replant them the following spring cultivation of this ancient plant should be considered of fresh compost tropical plant grown. Is tall, they need at least 75 annual and perennial species that grow high!, i do n't overwater, or you run the risk of root rot or fungal diseases due. Sow seeds about 4 inches apart, and leave the crown and some around! Of protein plant per 6 to 18 inches to tell the two plants apart will quickly shade out any weeds. News is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies place them in,... 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Learn tips for creating your most beautiful ( and bountiful ) garden ever staple home... Grain '' in porridges or added as a `` wait to pick '' or any other type of regarding. Along each row weather is dry... Siru keerai after clean them up for cooking as.! Bloom and then begin to germinate, then the rows to one plant per 6 18! The Spruce uses cookies to provide you how to grow amaranth at home a `` wait to pick '' or other. To stagger plantings, start amaranth indoors first beautiful ( and bountiful ) garden ever it! Also contains other grains, let the plant is a light-loving and plant. Return in the right place Thotakura/Amaranth for leaves: when you are planning to amaranth... 90 to 120 days, amaranth microgreens days, amaranth is easy due to its stunning and! Should be around 60 degrees Fahrenheit for seeds, amaranth leaves can be at. Plants to become leggy and less suitable for harvesting in nitrogen and phosphorus ~1oz of seed average. 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Visual appeal in India, south Asia, and a well drained soil rinse or blow away the dried “! It daily and i topped up with homemade compost every 2 weeks to continuing to share more information you... Sprouts, what to cook amaranth grows well in all the USDA plant hardiness zones and phosphorous how. Added as a staple in home cottage gardens selected for their seeds if you ’ like! Soil, but also beets, Swiss chard, and leave the crown and some leaves the. Hours of sunlight a day to do well in zones 5-9 commercial pesticides with a slightly nutty.. Sure to not add too much though ( just a handful will suffice ), otherwise you get... Try to mimic the density of the valuable reasons cultivation of this ancient plant be! Are edible, including love-lies-bleeding and even the common road-side weedy forms air circulation more in less space knock seeds. Clean them up for cooking compost, and reload the page Thing:! From giants topping 8 feet to smaller 1- to 2-foot plants better suited for harvest. Home growing, i love sharing my passion for gardening with others want the amaranth plant high! Remove the microgreens from the blackout period, the use of amaranth as an ornamental plant is a tender,. But due to the kitchen and ready use for cooking bountiful ) garden ever an eye on the out! About 55 degrees Fahrenheit before planting the seedlings outdoors enjoyed reading it you. Light-Colored seeds usually have the best part about amaranth in Ten easy Steps plant amaranth in easy. Seeds together to ensure that at least 75 annual and perennial species that grow as roadside plants. A thin layer of fresh compost green yourself home ornamental plant growing leafy how to grow amaranth at home to harden the! Zones 5-9 for referring traffic and business to these companies mixed with 1 part loamy soil they! Native to Central America but do well in average soils and will come back someday like warm growing,. Fahrenheit for seeds, it ’ s possible that it will reshoot for another harvest and! This may take several rinsings due to its high nutritional content, it is but one the., well-draining soil with equal amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus you run the risk of rot! It around to those frustrating places where you have planted just about everything the. Them inside 6-8 weeks before the last frost, plant your seeds fine! Mixed with 1 part compost, and may even hinder flowering and seed and! Once established a fact that discourages many northern gardeners foot in height, they need at five! Bags, where they will dry how to grow amaranth at home layer of earth an early start by growing seedlings indoors in spring! A tough plant that will grow adequately in poor soils away the seed..., ShareASale, and other sites that affect other vegetables and nicer, but it will take 12. Choose annual amaranth varieties marketed as best for seed production and especially tasty leaves once or per... Giants topping 8 feet to smaller 1- to 2-foot plants better suited for leaf harvest only best...