the image might contain a phone number), this text should be set as the alternative text of the image, Alternative text should be fairly short, usually a sentence or less and rarely more than two sentences, If more description is required (e.g., for a chart or graph), provide a short description in the alternative text (e.g., a summary of the trend) and more detail in the long description, see below, Test by having others review the document with the images replaced by the alternative text, Long descriptions should be used when text alternatives (see above) are insufficient to answer the question “what information is the image conveying?”. If any audio on a web page plays automatically for more than 3 seconds, either a mechanism is available to pause or stop the audio, or a mechanism is available to control audio volume independently from the overall system volume level. Anything that is shown by the video should be described with the audio and text description accordingly and appropriately for assistive programs to be able to accomplish the right content. But there’s no way to disassociate the alt text from the image. Labels or instructions are provided when content requires user input. Best Practice: Ensure that mechanism to control the content is easy to locate, is keyboard operable, and is clearly labelled as to its purpose. tabindex="0": Makes the element focusable and includes it in the (DOM) Tab sequence. ALL images must have the alt attribute (even decorative images should be tagged alt=""). The only way to ensure 100% compliance with Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is to explicitly adhere to the sixteen provisions listed below: 1194.22 Web-based intranet and internet information and applications. Make tooltips mouse and keyboard accessible. Best Practice: Do not play any audio content automatically. Logotypes (text that is part of a logo or brand name) are considered essential. Auto-updating: For any auto-updating information that (1) starts automatically and (2) is presented in parallel with other content, there is a mechanism for the user to pause, stop, or hide it or to control the frequency of the update unless the auto-updating is part of an activity where it is essential. Examples of changes in context are: Going to a new page (or anything that would look to a user as if they had moved to a new page), Significantly re-arranging the content of a page. Avoid using position: absolute to place content on page. Each version should be as conformant as possible. Where user controls are provided for program selection, ICT shall provide user controls for the selection of audio descriptions at the same menu level as the user controls for volume or program selection. Usually this means clicking a button, even if it may just be an "OK" button or a "Close" button. In 1998, Congress amended the Rehabilitation Act of 1973to require Federal agencies to make their electronic and information technology (EIT) accessible to individuals with disabilities. Headings and labels describe topic or purpose. Provide a clearly named control, such as a button, to initiate such changes. When a web page is one of a series of web pages presenting a process (i.e., a sequence of steps that need to be completed in order to accomplish an activity), all web pages in the process conform at the specified level or better. The default human language of each web page can be programmatically determined. Prerecorded Video-only: Either an alternative for time-based media or an audio track is provided that presents equivalent information for prerecorded video-only content. Otherwise, focus cannot be set successfully on the message. 508 compliance is the law that law-people wrote up to try and begin to set some standards. Color is not used as the only visual means of conveying information, indicating an action, prompting a response, or distinguishing a visual element. Insert a meaningful image with instead of background image. If the default size of the headings is too big for the look you have in mind, use styles to change the size, rather than jumping down to a lower heading level. Add keyboard accessibility to custom developed interface elements. Source: http://adod.idrc.ocad.ca/acrobat9, InDesign Accessibility Guidelines For PDF Publication, ICT Refresh: WCAG, PDF/UA-1 and Section 508, Try to answer the question “what information is the image conveying?”, If the image does not convey any useful information, leave the alternative text blank (e.g. that conveys content has equivalent alternative text (alt, longdesc, or in the element context). Where ICT displays video with synchronized audio, ICT shall provide user controls for closed captions and audio descriptions. After deactivating the element currently in focus, set the focus to a specific location. 2 Answers. Note 6: Alternate versions should not be confused with supplemental content, which support the original page and enhance comprehension. Logotypes: Text that is part of a logo or brand name has no minimum contrast requirement. The focus moves to the dialog and the user is required to take action. When any component receives focus, it does not initiate a change of context. Requirements for 508 compliance. I have seen several sites that did include descriptions of what the image shows in the alt text of an image, usually on sites that had made an effort to improve accessibility but misunderstood the requirement. Alternative Text is Incorrect: The alt text of an image or the text alternative of a visual element does not convey the same information obtained visually. It acts like a regular dialog, but it is supposed to convey more of a sense of urgency. It may not be read by in the correct order by assistive technology. Similarly, label buttons so that their function is clear. Provide alternative text, or alt text, when a screen reader needs to understand the message provided by the images on a page. Repeated content on multiple pages must be in a consistent order across the pages. **Please see 1.2.5 (below) for Section 508 conformance guidance, which requires audio description.**. Frames that contain repetitive content can be used to meet 2.4.1, however, frames are obsolete in HTML5. It does not move the keyboard focus. Refer to ARIA (radio buttons, segmented inputs), Do all informational images have alt text that provides the same level of understanding a visual user would gain? Associate multimedia files with audio description track; label as audio described version. Example: An online store has a series of pages that are used to select and purchase products. Alt text describes images in words so they can be read and understood by visitors using screen readers. Alternative Text is textual material [incorporated “behind the scenes” with each graphic] that a Screen Reader can capture and read aloud to the user. Under Section 508, agencies must provide disabled employees and members of the public access to information that is comparable to access available to others. Associate multimedia files to caption files; label as captioned version. Meaningful background images must be supplemented with a text equivalent on the page. Arrange for a caption provider to caption live events. Review WebAIM Alternative Text for appropriate use of alternative text. Review W3C's Alt Decision Tree for guidance on how to describe images. Select a media player with caption controls and audio description controls that meet this requirement. Avoid using images of text. Audio description is provided for all prerecorded video content in synchronized media. Use HTML element to create links whenever possible. Best Practice: Do not have content that flashes. WebHelp output has a Section 508 Compliant option that provides "alt" text (alternative text) for images, dynamic elements, frames, forms, and more. Using best practices for creating accessible documents makes Section 508 remediation much less costly. To meet the requirements of a conforming alternate version, it must: Conform to all Level A and AA criteria, and, Provide all of the same information and functionality in the same human language, and, Be as up to date as the non-conforming content, and, The conforming version can be reached from the non-conforming page via an accessibility-supported mechanism, or, The non-conforming version can only be reached from the conforming version, or. Provide language of content that is in a different language from the rest of the page. Designers should provide (text) equivalent descriptions for images, and pass them along to the developer(s). Screen readers typically say "Alert dialog" when an alert dialog pops up. TESTING DOCUMENTS FOR 508 COMPLIANCE To check your document for 508 issues or compliance open the document in a 508 true tester. In addition, the web page as a whole continues to meet the conformance requirements under each of the following conditions: When any technology that is not relied upon is turned on in a user agent, When any technology that is not relied upon is turned off in a user agent, and, When any technology that is not relied upon is not supported by a user agent. There's much more to Section 508 compliance than alternative text. November 28, 2018. Make error messages visible so that sighted users know how to fix the problems. Equivalent alternatives should be synchronized with the content. How to Create 508 Compliant Microsoft PowerPoint Presentations. All non-text content that is presented to the user has a text alternative that serves the equivalent purpose. Time limits are permitted, but users must have the ability to adjust them. Best Practice: Do not skip heading levels or go out of sequence. When the sequence in which content is presented affects its meaning, a correct reading sequence can be programmatically determined. For prerecorded audio-only and prerecorded video-only media, the following are true, except when the audio or video is a media alternative for text and is clearly labeled as such: Prerecorded Audio-only: An alternative for time-based media is provided that presents equivalent information for prerecorded audio-only content. In most cases, an image will only have a function if it is contained within a link (or is an image map hotspot or a button). All functionality of the content is operable through a keyboard interface without requiring specific timings for individual keystrokes, except where the underlying function requires input that depends on the path of the user's movement and not just the endpoints. tabindex="-1": Makes the element focusable but not part of the (DOM) Tab sequence. The link can be made invisible until it gets focus so that sighted keyboard users can also use it. Identify the repetitive content on pages and the location of where a skip mechanism should land. Watch video (1:39 mins) Check to see if a caption or alternate text summary has been added to data tables. Refer to Requirement 5 - Non-Interference to learn more. For all user interface components (including, but not limited to, form elements, links, and components generated by scripts), the name and role can be programmatically determined; states, properties, and values that can be set by the user can be programmatically set; and notification of changes to these items is available to user agents, including assistive technologies (Level A). 3. Performing a 200% zoom should not affect the content or functionality of the page. Guaranteed Compliance: Section 508 ADA PDF Remediation Services. If a web page can be navigated sequentially and the navigation sequences affect meaning or operation, focusable components receive focus in an order that preserves meaning and operability. The destination or function of each link/button should be clearly explained in the link/button text or programmatically-determined link context. page elements. Code content so elements are tabbed to in a sequential order that matches visual presentation of content (left to right, top to bottom). Use simple tables instead of complex tables whenever possible. Do not intentionally remove the outline or other visual indicators on interactive, focusable element. If you are a developer, designer, or content manager, keep reading! Note 1: In this definition, "can only be reached" means that there is some mechanism, such as a conditional redirect, that prevents a user from "reaching" (loading) the non-conforming page unless the user had just come from the conforming version. Assign headings structure and heading levels to headings. This ensures that viewers who cannot see the full color spectrum are able to read the text.” “The options below offer color palette combinations that fall within the range of Section 508 compliant foreground/background color contrast ratios.” How to test. A mechanism is available to bypass blocks of content that are repeated on multiple web pages. More Tips for Section 508 Compliant Accessible Text. If using colors that have a gradient, use the lightest color in the gradient for the contrast ratio test. This helps me understand the use cases of the feature better and keeps my focus on the people I’m designing for. Best Practice: Although the requirement allows for it, avoid vague link text like "click here" and "read more". (Section 508 1194.21(h)) Drag and Drop; Hotspots: As stated at the top of the article you referenced, Storyline does not support keyboard alternatives to drag-and-drop and hotspot interactions.. Captions: Storyline 360 supports closed captions for video and audio media. For all user interface components (including but not limited to: form elements; links; and components generated by scripts), the name and role can be programmatically determined; states, properties, and values that can be set by the user can be programmatically set; and notification of changes to these items is available to user agents, including assistive technologies. 18F Accessibility Guide is a product of GSA’s Technology Transformation Services , and is managed by 18F . See Understanding Conforming Alternate Versions. If tables are used for layout purposes, add role="presentation" and do not use structural elements like and table summaries. Auto-updates to content must be user configurable. Instructions provided for understanding and operating content do not rely solely on sensory characteristics of components such as shape, size, visual location, orientation, or sound. If your image contains information or represents something meaningful, determine the message the image conveys and write a short, concise text … If technologies are used in a way that is not accessibility supported, or if they are used in a non-conforming way, then they do not block the ability of users to access the rest of the page. Determine alt text by asking, "What text would I put here instead of this picture?". (Level A). Adding alternative text for images is the imperative, and needs to be done correctly: Alternatively, you can include the same information conveyed by the image within the body of the document, providing the images as an alternate to the text. Use CSS to change the cursor to a pointer (in most browsers this looks like a hand). Traceability to 508. Select a CAPTCHA provider that is already conformant to 508 standards. (Conformance is not possible at a particular level if any page in the process does not conform at that level or better.). How To Create a 508 Compliant Microsoft Word Document By using the built-in features within Microsoft Office, to include Word, you can avoid many of the most common mistakes related to accessibility. Provide a clearly named to control (like a button) to initiate such changes. The title attribute is probably always required for linked images or other non-textual content. As a UX designer, I think it’s helpful to review exactly who will be using a specific feature and why. Don't use javascript to perform a function that changes the page's context on the focus event (onfocus). Review WebAIM Alternative Text for appropriate use of alternative text. If the content that the image conveys is presented within text in the surrounding context of the image, then an empty alt attribute may suffice. Hi again Heather, Animation: The easiest solution for accessibility is, don't use animation. For moving, blinking, scrolling, or auto-updating information, ALL of the following are true: Moving, blinking, scrolling: For any moving, blinking or scrolling information that (1) starts automatically, (2) lasts more than five seconds, and (3) is presented in parallel with other content, there is a mechanism for the user to pause, stop, or hide it, unless the movement, blinking, or scrolling is part of an activity where it is essential; and. (See Understanding accessibility support.). EMI Section 508 Guidelines This page contains several rules and guidelines that must be followed during content development within the LCMS. Note 1: For the purpose of determining conformance, alternatives to part of a page's content are considered part of the page when the alternatives can be obtained directly from the page, e.g., a long description or an alternative presentation of a video. A mechanism is available to bypass blocks of content that are repeated on multiple web pages. For all user interface components (including but not limited to: form elements, links and components generated by scripts), the name and role can be programmatically determined; states, properties, and values that can be set by the user can be programmatically set; and notification of changes to these items is available to user agents, including assistive technologies. Note 5: The conforming alternative version does not need to reside within the scope of conformance, or even on the same website, as long as it is as freely available as the non-conforming version. Note 7: Setting user preferences within the content to produce a conforming version is an acceptable mechanism for reaching another version as long as the method used to set the preferences is accessibility supported. Alt text, or alternative text, is primarily used by people who use screen readersto access websites, apps, and other software. (Level A). Changing the setting of any user interface component does not automatically cause a change of context unless the user has been advised of the behavior before using the component. Provide this information with the error notification (3.3.1). (Level AA). 3rd party CAPTCHA tools generally do not allow customization. Determine alt text by asking, "What text would I put here instead of this picture?" People who use screen readers are usually either completely blind o… In designs show the media player with caption control (CC) and audio description control (AD) buttons visible along-side the other user controls. The non-conforming version can only be reached from a conforming page that also provides a mechanism to reach the conforming version. An alternative for time-based media or audio description of the prerecorded video content is provided for synchronized media, except when the media is a media alternative for text and is clearly labeled as such. Conformance (and conformance level) is for full web page(s) only, and cannot be achieved if part of a web page is excluded. ARIA links do not have any native styling or functionality, so you will need to add things like keyboard support, underline and color. Tip: How to use “Alert” versus “Alert Dialog”. Major topics are listed below in alphabetical order. Provide suggestions on how to correct an error if known fixes are available. An Alternative text description is to be provided for every image or graphic. Audio descriptions are not necessary if all visual descriptions are provided with the sound track narration. Review W3C's Alt Decision Tree for guidance on how to describe images. Audio-Only: Provide a text transcript for audio-only content. The border around the grouped fields can be hidden programmatically if it conflicts with the design. Best approach is to return to the authoring file and fix it there. If a CAPTCHA is used, require the CAPTCHA test to have a text alternative that describes its purpose, and require that an alternate form of the CAPTCHA, using a different modality, also be provided. It is just as easy to build a 508 compliant document as it is to create a non-compliant one. One of the requirements to be Section 508 compliant is that – you have to provide text alternatives to all non-text content. Use the Tags panel to add alternate text for images in the PDF. Provide adequate labels and instructions to help users accurately complete form fields. The alt text for this image should be alt="Twitter" or similar (depending on the context and how the image is used), but it should not be "blue bird" or anything similar. Avoid using the same link text for links that have different destinations. Information, structure, and relationships conveyed through presentation can be programmatically determined or are available in text. Plan for a site map or other ways for a user to reach a page in more than one way. Do not play any audio content automatically. Created by the CIO Council’s Accessibility Community of Practice, this information is presented in categories that align to the Baseline Tests for Revised 508 Standards, which cover all WCAG 2.0 Level A and AA requirements, and will be the basis of the updated Trusted Tester Test Process. Customizable: The image of text can be visually customized to the user's requirements; Essential: A particular presentation of text is essential to the information being conveyed. This software makes it much easier for the developer or the client to add any missing Alternative Text to the non-text content. Acrobat 10 is the most widely used program for testing throughout FEMA. If your form is of the covered type, choose from the available options (Reversible, Checked, Confirmed) to meet this requirement. Associate error descriptions with form fields using aria-describedby so that screen reader users know how to fix the problem. Add alternate text as prompted in the Set Alternate Text dialog box. Provide a description of the error that includes the location of the error. Correct the alt text or text alternative to convey the same information obtained visually. Example - using an onchange event on a select element without causing a change of context. Web pages have titles that describe topic or purpose.      , Review ARIA tooltip example. (Level A). When adding an element to the keyboard tab order, use tabindex="0". Every image, applet, embedded media, plug-in, etc. For each time limit that is set by the content, at least ONE of the following is true: Turn off: The user is allowed to turn off the time limit before encountering it; or, Adjust: The user is allowed to adjust the time limit before encountering it over a wide range that is at least ten times the length of the default setting; or, Extend: The user is warned before time expires and given at least 20 seconds to extend the time limit with a simple action (for example, "press the space bar"), and the user is allowed to extend the time limit at least ten times; or, Real-time Exception: The time limit is a required part of a real-time event (for example, an auction), and no alternative to the time limit is possible; or, Essential Exception: The time limit is essential and extending it would invalidate the activity; or. It provides the minimum standards for what is deemed acceptable, and minimum really does not make a site fully accessible. If there are multiple repeated blocks of content, provide a mechanism to bypass each block. For this document, we are going to use Adobe Acrobat 10. Improved Accessibility Through Alternative Text Support . Click on a topic name to jump to that topic for an explanation of the WCAG requirements (also known as Success Criteria) related to that topic. Confirmed: A mechanism is available for reviewing, confirming, and correcting information before finalizing the submission. Identify input errors by describing the errors. Kelly Mitchell. Sure, you can make the effort to be 508 compliant, but the wording is very vague. Click to see non-compliant flashing Failure: This blinking text fails because the rate of flashing can’t be determined and its greater than 3 Hz. In part, this may involve configuration of the authoring application's Tag management (e.g., PDFMaker). Bookmark this guide and refer to it whenever you’re developing new content, websites or digital tools. In content implemented using markup languages, elements have complete start and end tags, elements are nested according to their specifications, elements do not contain duplicate attributes, and any IDs are unique, except where the specifications allow these features. To determine whether Alternate Text has been applied to a Data Table. 3. Otherwise, the focus will be lost, effectively sending the focus back to the top of the Document Object Model (DOM). All non-text content that is presented to the user should have a text alternative that serves the equivalent purpose; since decorative images do not convey any meaning for any user, they should include a blank alt tag. Sounds obvious? It sets standards that must be followed by every federal government department, as well as every organization that receives federal contracts or … (Including only a mark without further explanation on a form field error is not adequate.). Note 3: If multiple language versions are available, then conforming alternate versions are required for each language offered. (a) A text equivalent for every non -text element shall be provided (e.g., via "alt", "longdesc", or An alert dialog (role="alertdialog") requires a user action. For passages in a language other than the default language of the page, place a lang attribute with the appropriate value on the element or a parent element that contains the passage. Provide audio description track for time-based media. WCAG 2.0 Success Criterion 1.1.1 D3 This usually occurs when external content is embedded within a page. Provide alternative text or descriptions for non-decorative images, images within a link, form fields, and other interface elements. Ensure the keyboard user can exit the embedded content. Note: is not supported in HTML5. Background images should generally have no alt text, other decorative images should only have alt text if they form a crucial part of the content, message, and purpose of the document), If the image contains meaningful text, ensure all of the text is replicated, For logos, the alternative text should be the organization name, For groups of logos, one logo can be chosen to represent the group, Sometimes text is included as part of a logo or footer image (e.g. Adding alternative text for images is the imperative, and needs to be done correctly: Try to answer the question “what information is the image conveying?” 508 compliance is the same as accessibility. If error is detected immediately when exiting the form, ensure the error notification is keyboard accessible. Unfortunately, persons with disabilities, who utilize screen readers or other assistive technologies to read the content of PDFs, often cannot access the content because the documents are not Section 508 compliant. 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