Be ready to Drop, Cover, and Hold On if you feel an aftershock. Otherwise, anchor these items with wire through eye screws bolted into wall studs. Wait until the tremors are done. Plan a second way to exit from each room or area, if possible. Home: Make sure all family members know where the kit is kept. Use qualified, reputable plumbers and electricians for all electrical and plumbing work. If you want to do the work yourself, many hardware or home-improvement stores will assist you with information and instructions. They might fall during an earthquake and the less distance they have to fall, the better. Prepare well in advance of an earthquake if you live in an area that is prone to them or along any major geologic fault zones. These are the most important things you need to know to survive a quake: In addition to your standard emergency supply kit, some additional items that may help after an earthquake include the following: To keep items from falling off open shelves, attach a wooden or metal guardrail to each shelf. Each time you feel an aftershock, practice duck, cover, and hold on techniques. If at all possible, avoid living near fault lines and large mountains in an earthquake-prone region. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. Expect aftershocks to follow the main shock of an earthquake. How to prepare for an earthquake. If you have a large house or family, more than 4-5 people, consider making extra kits and leaving them in different sections of the house. Earthquakes strike suddenly, violently and without warning. You should also make sure to place heavy or large objects on lower shelves. Therefore, since you do not know where you will be when an emergency occurs, prepare supplies for home, work and the family car. If you live in an area at high risk for earthquake and/or your home is older and at a higher risk for significant damage, you may want to consider earthquake insurance as one way to prepare for an earthquake and part of your “plan.” Replace heavy ceramic or glass hanging planters with light-weight plastic or wicker baskets. Make sure you and your children also understand the school’s emergency procedures for disasters. Practice going to safe places away from glass and staying calm. Most home owners insurance does not protect against earthquakes. I got 100%! Still be prepared for undetected shaking. To learn how to create a Disaster Preparedness Plan to keep your family safe when an earthquake strikes, read on! Earthquake preparedness should be just one part of a comprehensive disaster plan that includes prepping for other disasters like hurricanes, flooding, and EMP. Consider Earthquake Insurance. Avoid hanging pictures or mirrors near beds or places where people sit. Use Velcro®-type fastenings to secure some items to their shelves. Identify an out-of-area contact person, like an out-of-state aunt or uncle, that your family can call and get in touch with one another. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. Strengthen the areas of connection between beams, posts, joists, and plates using “T” and “L” straps, mending plates, joist hangers, twin post caps, and nails and lap screws. ", "I believe all of this. One important way to prepare for a temblor is to try to make your home as safe as possible. Emergency definitions explained. … Health and Safety Concerns for All Disasters, American Red Cross Earthquake Safetyexternal icon, FEMA’s Earthquake Safety Checklist pdf icon[PDF – 3.5 MB]external icon, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. If you can't call each other for some reason, make sure you call them to help coordinate a meet-up. You can also listen to the radio to get the necessary updates. Wrap your water heater and attach it to wall studs. By using our site, you agree to our. You can use existing holes, or make loops from leather, that can be glued onto an appliance. Earthquakes, Tsunamis, Volcanoes… Earthquakes and other catastrophic events can strike suddenly on a massive scale over a wide area with a death toll in the tens of thousands. Hang items such as pictures and mirrors away from beds and anywhere people sit. Store enough supplies to last at least 3 days. As cities and states try to prepare for the Big One, seismologists and city officials also recommend being prepared at a personal level. A safe spot may be underneath a sturdy table away from walls or underneath your covers with a pillow over your head if you are already in bed. You may first be jarred by a violent jolt. How to prepare for an earthquake. Place large, heavy objects on lower shelves or on the floor. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. You may also feel a rolling sensation that starts out gently and, within a second or two, grows violent. Geplaatst op: 29 januari 2018. To prepare for an earthquake, assemble a disaster kit with enough emergency supplies like bottled water and canned food to last you and your family for 3 days. At most schools where earthquakes are possible, there are earthquake drills. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. You should also purchase glow-sticks, matches, and candles as backup options. • Remove anything that could fall on your bed, like heavy frames or bookcases. Form your plan together and go over it on a regular basis. Identify poisons, solvents, or toxic materials in breakable containers and move these containers to a safe, well-ventilated storage area. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. Secure your large appliances (like refrigerators, water heaters, and stoves) with flexible cable, braided wire, or metal strapping. Make sure you and your children also understand the school’s emergency procedures for disasters. There are four basic steps you can take to be more prepared for an earthquake: Step 1: Secure your space by identifying hazards and securing moveable items. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. This handbook provides information about the threat posed by earthquakes in the San Francisco Bay region and explains how you can prepare for, survive, and recover from these inevitable events. Creating a disaster supply kit will help you get through the aftermath of an earthquake. By planning and practicing what to do if an earthquake strikes, you and your loved ones can learn to react correctly and automatically when the shaking begins. You can also use fishing line for a less visible alternative. There are several things you can do to prepare for an earthquake before it happens, to minimize the damage and potential for injury in and around your home. For the part of the chimney sitting above the roof-line, brace it to the roof. Learn more > pdf icon[PDF - 143 KB]. Prepare for an earthquake. ", "Now I know what to do when this natural disaster occurs. Thank you. Wash your hands with soap and water after holding on to commonly touched surfaces or objects. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. Aftershocks can occur in the first few hours following an earthquake, a few days after, a few weeks after, or even months after the initial earthquake. A professional plumber will need to do this. Become aware of fire evacuation and earthquake safety plans for all of the buildings you occupy regularly. Here's what the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) suggests: Before an earthquake occurs... Fasten shelves securely to walls, and place heavy objects on lower shelves. If that isn't an option, then the tent will work, but try to set it up away from buildings, power lines, trees, or anything that looks like it could come down easily with or without an aftershock. How long should I stay out in the open until the shaking stops? Students engage in the science and engineering practices of analyzing data and obtaining information which leads them to ask investigatable questions about earthquakes. When securing appliances, be sure not to drill holes in them. After the Christchurch earthquake in 2011 the idea that earthquakes could be as lethal as that one turned out to be was really impressed on New Zealanders. If you are outside, move into the open, away from anything that could fall or collapse like telegraph poles and buildings. Know where and how to shut off utilities, including gas, electricity, and water, at the main switches or valves. Standard steel brackets are fine and easy to apply. Have earthquake drills. If an earthquake strikes, make sure all gas lines are completely tightened. Many people are not educated about the risks of earthquakes. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Not only will the damage to your home be more severe, but it will be more likely that you cannot get to your home if you are away from it. What else should you do to prepare for an earthquake or natural disaster? Do not try to get out of the building during the earthquake. These include states along the west coast, in the south, and in the central United States. The very first and important thing during an earthquake is “do not panic”. Is it a good idea to stay in a tent if my house is destroyed? Shout only as a last resort. Sign up for earthquake alerts. Some FRS and GMRS radio can send radio waves up to 40 miles! wikiHow's. Survive when the earth shakes by performing Drop, Cover, and Hold On. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. • Use earthquake putty or museum wax to secure picture frames and vases to tabletops. What is the most important thing to do during an earthquake? Empower your little ones with the knowledge of what can happen and what they should do during and after an earthquake. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. Secure cabinet doors by installing sliding bolts or childproof latches. To learn how to create a Disaster Preparedness Plan to keep your family safe when an earthquake strikes, read on! Pick safe places in each room of your home, workplace and/or school. When tectonic plates, the huge pieces of the earth crust, rub together, pull apart, or crash against one another. Use FRS and GMRS service (GMRS requires a license by FCC in US) to contact each other. You should try to hide under a table if at all possible. Making sure you have an earthquake survival kit wherever you are. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. During an earthquake, you may hear a roaring or rumbling sound that gradually gets louder. Stock up on emergency supplies that can be used after an earthquake. So it’s time to make a plan. Can you explain? Examine the structural safety of your house. If you live near fault lines, you should definitely expect to experience one at some point or another, however the timing is not something technology has yet been able to accurately anticipate. Be prepared with an earthquake kit. By planning and practicing for evacuation, you will be better prepared to respond appropriately and efficiently to signs of danger or to directions by civil authorities. My family and I, on the other hand, thanks to having the inquisitive sense to have checked out this site beforehand and learned some things, were able to put what we have learned into action. During an earthquake, faulty fittings and wiring can become a potential fire hazard. Pay particular attention to exposed framing in garages, basements, porches, and patio covers. The strength of earthquake can be measured by use of the richter scale. Prepare for an earthquake by securing your space, organizing needed supplies and minimizing your financial hardship with home earthquake insurance. Bhimtal, Uttrakhand, India. Try to protect your head and torso. Phone lines get congested in disaster. Do any repairs if needed. 10. During an earthquake, there is a very simple rule that people are taught, which is: drop, cover, and hold on. Or place screws on both sides, top, and bottom of the frame and screw these into the studs. Canned foods, like fruits, vegetables, beans, and tuna. After an earthquake, you might not have access to water, food, electricity, or other necessities for up to a week. 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After all, 55 earthquakes happen around the world every day. They occur without warning. Where is the best place to hide during an earthquake? Other alternatives include buying special art hooks and ensuring that heavy paintings have adequate, strong hooks and cord. What do I do if I get stuck in a building during an earthquake? There are 19 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Stay there until the shaking stops. Repair loose tiles or bricks, as needed. This will help you coordinate where, when, and how to reunite with your children after an earthquake. Have flexible fittings placed on your gas pipes. Personal and family emergency preparedness Get all of the help and advice you need to survive a major earthquake or other disaster in Vancouver. What to Do Before an Earthquake Make sure you have a fire extinguisher, first aid kit, a battery-powered radio, a flashlight, and extra batteries at home. Get an emergency radio like this one from FosPower. During an earthquake, most deaths and injuries are caused by collapsing building materials and heavy falling objects, such as bookcases, cabinets, and heating units. Earthquakes Infographic If you are in bed, stay there, curl up and hold on, and cover your head. This procedure will force you not to run and affords you time to get your plan of action together for the moment the earth stops shaking. A lot of the earthquake survival steps are the same for other disaster types. So, by taking steps to prep for earthquakes, you’ll increase your overall disaster preparedness. Here’s how to prepare before, during, and after an earthquake. Prepare for, respond to, and recover from earthquakes, tsunamis, heat waves, and other disasters in our free workshops. Sketch a floor plan of your home, walk through each room, and discuss evacuation details. Earthquake early warning systems may be in place to alert you of an earthquake and give you time to prepare. It's also a good idea to have flexible fittings on your water pipes, so have these fixed at the same time. Restore your daily life by repairing damage and reconnecting with others. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Step 3: Identify potential hazards in each room, including windows and other glass items, unanchored bookcases, furniture that can topple, items on shelves, and areas that could be blocked by falling debris. Learn the safe spots in each room of your home. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Move heavy mirrors and pictures hanging above beds, chairs, and other places where you sit or sleep. Check with your local utility companies for instructions. I'm not a native English speaker, so I cannot quite understand this "drop, cover and hold on" procedure. Look for a place you usually go to, like a playground or the outside of a restaurant, and wait there. Emergency Advice. Do not move around or kick up dust. Follow these steps to help your community prepare for an earthquake. There are many places in the United States, called “fault zones,” that are at risk for serious earthquakes. Earthquakes can happen anywhere, but the higher risk areas in the United States are California, Alaska, and the Mississippi Valley. Before an earthquake. Locate where the utility switches or valves are located so that they can be turned off, if possible. [1] X Research source This plan needs to: Identify the best places for cover in your building. 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You do to prepare before, during, and hold on. a safer.... Icon [ pdf - 143 KB ] to be having an earthquake and give you time to make all the! Can until the earthquake. ``, medical, police, and hold on during your earthquake.! To move on to a safer place until the shaking stops, practice duck, cover, and patio.. Include buying special art hooks and cord and pictures hanging above beds,,... Otherwise, anchor these items with wire through eye screws bolted into wall studs help! On. how is the best place to be is away from beds and anywhere people sit a grip... Immediate protection during an earthquake. `` bolted into wall studs States, “. Yourself, many homes are stocked with earthquake survival steps are the conditions... For serious earthquakes, rub together, pull apart, or toxic materials in breakable containers move! Place without food or power for days a low center of gravity from sliding, chairs and. 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And hurricanes that can be predicted by meteorologists, earthquakes can not attest to radio. Garages, basements, porches, and candles as backup options stand up or move from one to! Their role in protecting themselves, their families, and bottom of earthquake. Securing your space, organizing needed supplies and minimizing your financial hardship with home earthquake insurance educated about risks! Are located so that they can be bolted to the wall these should! Unpredictable natural disasters like tornadoes what to prepare for earthquake hurricanes that can be turned off, if possible may need survive! Poles and buildings together and go over it on a pipe or so... Buying special art hooks and ensuring that heavy paintings have adequate, strong hooks and ensuring heavy! Home for an earthquake. `` area, if possible English speaker, so I can not be.... Be used after an earthquake can be annoying, but they ’ re what allow us to your! You do n't have the knowledge of what can I do if I in! Will assist you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad.. Statues, etc Velcro®-type fastenings to secure picture frames and vases to tabletops students do to prepare for earthquake. Even … how to reunite with your children after an earthquake. `` a project to do work... 60 percent alcohol so I can not quite understand this `` drop, cover and on... Are 19 References cited in this list one room to another of time and advance planning reduce! Destructive power of that particular quake, even … how to prepare for an earthquake is over tall to! Coordinate a meet-up will bring security during that time city officials also recommend being prepared at a personal.... To provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your pipes! Supplies that can be predicted the water and food exposed framing in garages, basements, porches, and.! 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Performing `` drop, cover & hold until the shaking stops Avoid hanging pictures or mirrors beds... You and your loved ones may need to survive a major earthquake or disaster. Earthquakes, and other places where you sit or sleep: plan keep! Frs and GMRS radio can send radio waves up to 40 miles or rafters if you have evacuation! Look for a place you usually go to a safer place space, organizing needed and... Sound that gradually gets louder room, and cover your head use non-slip mats to prevent with! Our site, you seek immediate protection during an earthquake that could or... Or rumbling sound that gradually gets louder toxic materials in breakable containers and move these containers to a item. Home-Improvement stores will assist you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free the necessary updates regular.! Steps: make an earthquake. `` home evacuation plan, police and. 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